Health Education: Diabetes


Diabetes can be defined as a disease in which the body cannot use food in the right way. Some people are born with the tendency to get diabetes. There are also certain risk factors that make some individuals more susceptible to the disease. In others, it may be caused by the body mistaking the cells of the pancreas, where insulin is made, for germs. The body will fight against these cells the way it does with germs.

Types of Diabetes

There are two main types of diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2

Type 1 Diabetes

 Is a condition where the pancreas is no longer making insulin. The body is then unable to move sugar (fuel) into the cells for energy and a significant build-up in the blood occurs (hyperglycemia).  There is no treatment option with this type of diabetes.  If your body does not make insulin, you must take a shot everyday to live. In addition, you must eat healthy meals and snacks. Daily exercise is also very important in helping to control blood sugar.

Type 2 Diabetes

the pancreas is still making insulin; however, it is not making enough or the insulin is not working as it should for normal control. Again, the result is the sugar builds up in the blood (hyperglycemia), which makes you sick and can damage different parts of your body over time.  First avenue for treatment is diet and exercise. Weight loss will often help lower blood sugar. If this does not help, you may have to take diabetes pills or even insulin shots.

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